Kruger, Johan Friedrich Carl (AA 566)

Johan Friedrich Carl Kruger (AA 566)


AA 566


The South Australian Museum collection comprises 12 photographs of Aboriginal people in Victoria bound in one album. Eleven of these prints are studio portraits of Aboriginal men, women and children and one print of an Aboriginal family. Each print is mounted on an individual page with titles below the image.

Johan Friedrich Carl (Fred) Kruger was a professional photographer born on 18 April 1831 in Berlin. Kruger arrived in Australia in the early 1860s and in 1866 he opened a photographic studio at 133 Cardigan Street, Carlton, Melbourne, Victoria. In 1866 Kruger took the first group photograh of the Aboriginal cricket team who later played in England in 1868. Kruger was commissioned in 1877 by the Victorian Board for the protection of Aborigines to produce an album of carte-de-visite portraits of the Aboriginal people at the Coranderrk Aboriginal Mission Station. Fred Kruger died in Surrey Hills, Melbourne on 18 February 1888.

The Museum Board of South Australia

For all South Australian Museum Archive and Australian Aboriginal Family History requests please contact the Archives Collection Manager or Aboriginal Family History Officer by post, fax or email with relevant research and contact details. Once your request has been received, you will be contacted to discuss the procedures required to process your application and make arrangements to view the collection items. Access to the South Australian Museum Archives and Reading Room must be organised a minimum of two weeks in advance, as access is by appointment only.


Aboriginal peoples; Missions; Photographers; Photography; Portraits

Aboriginal peoples (Australians); Photo albums; Photographers; Photography; Portrait photography; Portraits; Welfare establishments

Albumen prints

Albumen prints; Photograph albums; Portrait photographs

Johan Friedrich Carl (Fred) Kruger; Victorian Board for the protection of Aborigines

Coverage Spatial

Coranderrk Aboriginal Mission Station; Victoria

Coverage Temporal



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